One of the most attacked doctrine of the Holy Catholic Church is the Queenship of the Blessed Virgin Mary. But how did Mary become Queen?
The solidly theological reasons for her title of Queen are expressed splendidly by Pope Pius XII, in his Radiomessage to Fatima, Bendito seja: “Jesus is King throughout all eternity by nature and by right of conquest: through Him, with Him, and subordinate to Him, Mary is Queen by grace, by divine relationship, by right of conquest, and by singular choice [of the Father].”
The Queen is not always the wife of the King. Historically, there are several types of Queen:
⚫ Queen Regnant — who is the reigning sovereign in her own right like Queen Elizabeth II of United Kingdom;
⚫ Queen Consort — who is the wife of the reigning King like Queen Máxima of the Netherlands;
⚫ Queen Regent — who is the guardian of a child monarch reigning temporarily in their stead like Queen Emma of the Netherlands (1890-1898);
⚫ Queen Dowager — who is the widow of the King like Queen Mary of United Kingdom (1952);
⚫ Queen Mother — who is the mother of the reigning sovereign like Queen Elizabeth the Queen Mother of United Kingdom.
In the Old Testament, under some Davidic kings, the gebirah, the “Great Lady”, usually the Mother of the King, held great power as advocate with the king. In 1 Kings 2:19, “Bathsheba therefore went unto king Solomon, to speak unto him for Adonijah. And the king rose up to meet her, and bowed himself unto her, and sat down on his throne, and caused a seat to be set for the king’s mother; and she sat on his right hand.” As what the great book of Psalms expresses: “The Queen stands at your right hand arrayed in gold” (Psalm 45:9).
The Blessed Virgin Mary is Queen not as Queen Regnant, Queen Consort, Queen Regent, or Queen Dowager but as Queen Mother because her only Son is the reigning King of Heavens and Earth. As spoken by Gabriel the Archangel: “Do not be afraid, Mary, for you have found favor with God. And behold, you will conceive in your womb and bear a son, and you shall call his name Jesus. He will be great and will be called the Son of the Most High. And the Lord God will give to him the throne of his father David, and he will reign over the house of Jacob forever, and of his kingdom there will be no end” (Luke 1:30-33). The sacred book of Revelation affirms the Queenship of Mary: “And there appeared a great wonder in heaven; a woman clothed with the sun, and the moon under her feet, and upon her head a crown of twelve stars […] And she brought forth a man child, who was to rule all nations with a rod of iron: and her child was caught up unto God, and to his throne” (Revelation 12:1,5). The woman who gave birth to the King of kings is crowned as Queen.
Like what King Solomon did to his mother, the Lord also did the same to His mother, “Make your request, Mother, for I will not refuse you” (2 Kings 2:20).
SANCTA MARIA, REGINA CAELORUM ET TERRAE, ORA PRO NOBIS.