TIMELINE OF BIBLE TRANSLATIONS

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The Holy Bible has been translated into many languages from the biblical languages of Hebrew, Aramaic and Greek. The Latin Vulgate was dominant in Western Christianity through the Middle Ages. Since then, the Bible has been translated into many more languages.

605 BC: The Aramaic Targums, the first translation of the Jewish Torah to Aramaic during the Jews’ first exile in Babylonia.

70 BC: The Septuagint, the first translation of the Hebrew Bible to Greek by 72 Jewish scholars in Alexandria.

AD 200-380: The existence of Vetus Latina, translation of the scriptures in Old Latin before the Vulgate.

AD 331: The production of fifty (50) copies of the Vetus Latina by Eusebius of Ceasarea as commissioned by Emperor Constantine I for the use of the church in Constantinople. These copies include the Codex Vaticanus, Codex Sinaiticus, and Codex Alexandrinus.

ca. AD 340: The New Testament was translated into Gothic by Ulfilas.

AD 382-420: Jerome, presbyter of Rome, translated the Bible from Septuagint and/or Vetus Latina to Latina Vulgata as commissioned by Pope Damasus I. Latin Vulgata became the official Latin Bible of the Holy Catholic Church.

ca. AD 410: Mesrob translated the Bible using the Armenian alphabet invented by him. Also dating from the same period are theSyriac, Coptic, Old Nubian, Ethiopic and Georgian translations.

AD 735: Venerable Bede translated the Gospel of John into Old English.

AD 748: An Old High German version of the gospel of Matthew.

AD 800: Holy Roman Emperor Charlemagne charged Alcuin of York with a revision of the Latin Vulgate.

AD 900: Alfred the Great had a number of passages of the Bible circulated in the vernacular. These included passages from the Ten Commandments and the Pentateuch.

AD 990: A full and freestanding version of the four Gospels in idiomatic Old English appeared, in the West Saxon dialect; these are called the Wessex Gospels.

1199: Pope Innocent III banned unauthorized versions of the Bible as a reaction to the Cathar and Waldensian heresies. The synods of Toulouse and Tarragona (1234) outlawed possession of such renderings. There is evidence of some vernacular translations being permitted while others were being scrutinized.

ca. 1380: John Wycliffe’s Bible was published — the first English translation of the Bible.

ca. 1388: John Purvey’s revision of Wycliffe’s Bible into more idiomatic English.

1455: Gutenberg Bible was published — the first Bible printed using movable type.

1516: Desiderius Erasmus’ Greek or Latin New Testament was published. Later editions would be utilized by early translators.

1522: Martin Luther’s Das Neue Testament Deůtzsch was published.

1525: William Tyndale’s printing of the New Testament (in English, from Erasmus’ third edition) in the city of Cologne was terminated in a raid by Catholic authorities. Tyndale evades capture but loses a portion of his work.

1526: William Tyndale’s translation of the New Testament from the Greek successfully published at Worms.

1530: William Tyndale’s translation of the Pentateuch from the Hebrew was published.

1532: Martin Luther’s complete Bible, Biblia das ist die gantze Heilige Schrifft Deudsch was published.

1534: William Tyndale’s translation of New Testament from the Greek was published (first revision).

1535: William Tyndale’s translation of New Testament from the Greek was published (second revision).

1535: Myles Coverdale’s version of the Bible — the first complete Bible printed in English.

1537: Thomas Matthew Bible was published. It is a combination of Tyndale’s and Coverdale’s translations.

1539: The Great Bible was published.

1557: William Whittingham translation of the New Testament was published (Whittingham also worked on the Geneva Bible).

1560: Geneva Bible was published.

1568: The Bishops’ Bible was published.

1582: Rheims New Testament was published.

1589: First edition of William Fulke’s “confutation” of the Rheims New Testament was published. It contains the Bishops’ Bible in parallel with the Rheims New Testament. (Later editions published in 1601, 1617, and 1633).

1609: Douay Old Testament volume 1 was published.

1610: Douay Old Testament volume 2 was published.

1611: Authorized Version of the Bible also known as the King James Version was published.

1653: Henry Hammond’s A Paraphrase, and Annotations Upon all the Books of The New Testament was published.

1663: First Bible printed in America by John Eliot – a translation into Algonquian, a Native American Language.

1684: Woodhead, Walker & Allestrey’s A Paraphrase and Annotations upon All the Epistles of St Paul was published.

1685: Richard Baxter’s Paraphrase on the New Testament was published.

1718: The New Testament Of Our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ, Newly Translated out of the Latin Vulgate by Cornelius Nary was published.

1729: Daniel Mace’s translation of the New Testament was published with a revised Greek text.

1743: First American Bible in a European Language (German) by Christoph Saur was published.

1745: William Whiston’s Primitive New Testament was published.

1749: Bishop Challoner’s first revision of the Rheims New Testament was published.

1750: Bishop Challoner’s first revision of the Douay Old Testament was published.

1755: John Wesley’s Explanatory Notes upon the New Testament was published.

1764: Anthony Purver’s translation of the Bible was published.

1777: First publication of the King James Version New Testament in America.

1782: First publication of the King James Version Bible in America.

1790: First publication of the Douay Rheims Bible in America.

1790: William Gilpin’s version of the New Testament was published (reprinted in 1793, 1798, and 1811).

1791: First American edition of John Wesley’s Explanatory Notes upon the New Testament.

1791: Gilbert Wakefield’s translation of the New Testament was published (second edition, 1793).

1792: Alexander Geddes’ translation of the Bible (Volume 1 – Genesis-Joshua) was published.

1796: Bishop Challoner’s third revision of the Douay Old Testament was published.

1797: Bishop Challoner’s final revision of the Rheims New Testament was published.

1797: Alexander Geddes’ translation of the Bible (Volume 2 – Judges-2 Chronicles) was published.

1798: Nathaniel Scarlett’s translation of the New Testament was published.

1800: First Greek New Testament was published in America.

1804: British and Foreign Bible Society was founded.

1806: First Greek / Latin bilingual New Testament was published in America by S. F. Bradford of Philadelphia.

1807: Alexander Geddes’ translation of the Psalms was published posthumously.

1808: Charles Thomson’s translation of the Bible was published.

1808: Thomas Belsham’s Improved Version based of Bishop Newcome’s Translation was published (American edition published 1809).

1810: First French New Testament (de Sacy translation) was published in America.

1811: First Protestant French New Testament (Ostervald’s translation) published in America.

1812: First stereotype Bible printed in America by the Philadelphia Bible Society.

1815: Charles Thomson’s Synopsis of The Four Evangelists was published.

1815: First Bible From Plates Stereotyped in America was published by D. & G. Bruce in New York.

1816: American Bible Society was founded.

1820: First French Bible (Ostervald’s translation) was published by the American Bible Society.

1824: John Power’s The New Testament, By Way of Question and Answer was published.

1826: Alexander Campbell’s The Sacred Writings of the Apostles and Evangelists of Jesus Christ was published.

1830: John Gorham Palfrey’s New Testament was published.

1833: Noah Webster’s revision of the Authorized Version was published.

1833: New Testament in Ojibwa was published (fifth Native American language to have a printed New Testament).

1836: First modern reprint of William Tyndale’s New Testament.

1836: John Lingard’s translation of the Gospels was published (second edition 1851).

1837: First American reprint of William Tyndale’s New Testament.

1839: First Portuguese New Testament published in American (Antonio Pereira de Figueiredo translation from the Vulgate)

1840: Edgar Taylor’s translation of the New Testament was published.

1841: English Hexapla was published. The New Testament in the versions of Wycliffe, Tyndale, Great Bible, Whittingham, Rheims, and King James Version.

1849: Francis Patrick Kenrick’s translation of the Gospels was published.

1851: Francis Patrick Kenrick’s translation of the remainder of the New Testament was published.

1852: First portion of the American Bible Unionversion of the New Testament was published (Second Peter, the Epistles of John, and Jude).

1851: James Murdock’s translation of the New Testament from the Syriac was published.

1853: Isaac Leeser’s translation of the Holy Scriptures (Hebrew Bible) was published.

1856: American Bible Union Job was published.

1857: The Gospel According to St. John … Revised by Five Clergymen was published.

1857: Francis Patrick Kenrick’s translation of the Psalms and Wisdom books was published.

1858: The Epistle of St. Paul to the Romans … Revised by Five Clergymen was published.

1858: The Epistles of St. Paul to the Corinthians … Revised by Five Clergymen were published.

1859: Francis Patrick Kenrick’s translation of Job and the Prophets was published.

1860: Francis Patrick Kenrick’s translation of the Pentateuch was published.

1860: Francis Patrick Kenrick’s translation of the Historical Books was published.

1860: New Testament in Cherokee was published.

1861: J.W. Colenso’s translation of the Letter to the Romans was published (American edition 1863)

1861: Cree Bible was published — the second complete Bible published in a Native American Language.

1861: Leonard Thorn’s New Testament of Our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ as Revised and Corrected by The Spirits was published.

1861: The Epistles of St. Paul to the Galatians, Ephesians, Philippians, and Colossians … Revised by Four Clergymen were published.

1862: Francis Patrick Kenrick’s revised translation of the New Testament was published.

1862: American Bible Union complete New Testament was published.

1863: Robert Young’s translation of the Bible was published.

1864: Benjamin Wilson’s Emphatic Diaglott New Testament was published.

1865: American Bible Union Second Revision New Testament was published.

1867: Joseph Smith’s Holy Scriptures, Translated and Corrected by the Spirit of Revelation was published.

1868: American Bible Union Genesis was published.

1869: George R. Noyes translation of the New Testament was published.

1870: John Bowes’ translation of the New Testament was published.

1871: American Bible Union Psalms was published.

1871: American Bible Union Proverbs was published.

1876: Julia Smith’s translation of the Bible was published (first complete Bible translation by a woman).

1878: American Bible Union Joshua, Judges, Ruth were published.

1881: English Revised Version New Testament was published.

1884: American Bible Union Joshua, Judges and Ruth, I and II Samuel, I and II Kings were published.

1885: English Revised Version complete Bible was published.

1885: Helen Spurrell’s translation of the Old Testament was published.

1891: American Bible Union Improved Edition New Testament was published by the American Baptist Publication Society.

1894: English Revised Version Apocrypha was published.

1894: Agnes Smith Lewis’s Translation of the Four Gospels from the Syriac of the Sinaitic Palimpsest was published.

1897: Robert D. Weekes The New Dispensation was published.

1898: Francis Aloysius Spencer’s translation of the Gospels was published.

1901: American Standard Version Bible was published.

1901: James Moffatt’s Historical New Testament was published.

1901: King Edward VII ascends the throne.1902: Twentieth Century New Testament tentative edition was published.

1904: Twentieth Century New Testament revised edition was published.

1904: A.S. Worrell New Testament was published (later edition 1907)

1909: The Scofield Reference Bible first edition was published.

1912: American Bible Union complete Bible was published by the American Baptist Publication Society.

1913: First portion of the Westminster Version of the New Testament was published (1 & 2 Thessalonians).

1917: The Holy Scriptures According to the Masoretic Text was published by the Jewish Publication Society.

1923: The New Testament — An American Translation by Edgar J. Goodspeed was published.

1923: The Riverside New Testament by William G. Ballantine was published (revised edition 1934).

1924: Centenary Translation of the New Testamentby Helen Barrett Montgomery was published.

1925: Arthur E. Overbury’s translation of the New Testament was published (revised edition published in 1932).

1926: Concordant Version of the Sacred Scriptures New Testament was published.

1927: The Old Testament — An American Translationby J.M. Powis Smith, et.al. was published.

1933: George M. Lamsa’s translation of the Gospels was published.

1934: G.W. Wade’s The Documents of the New Testament Translated & Historically Arranged was published.

1935: Final portion of the Westminster Version of the New Testament was published.

1937: Francis Aloysius Spencer’s translation of the New Testament was published.

1937: Johannes Greber’s translation of the New Testament was published.

1938: Confraternity of Christian Doctrine proposed revision of the Gospel of John was released.

1939: George M. Lamsa’s translation of the Psalms was published.

1940: George M. Lamsa’s translation of the New Testament was published.

1941: Confraternity of Christian Doctrine New Testament was published.

1944: Ronald Knox’s translation of the New Testament was published.

1945: Berkeley Version of The New Testamenttranslated by Gerrit Verkuyl was published.

1947: George Swann’s translation of the New Testament was published.

1947: J.B. Phillips Letters to Young Churches was published.

1946: Revised Standard Version New Testament was published.

1948: Confraternity of Christian Doctrine Genesis was published.

1948: Letchworth Version New Testament by Thomas F. & Ralph E. Ford was published.

1949: Ronald Knox’s translation of the Old Testament was published.

1950: Confraternity of Christian Doctrine Psalms was published.

1950: New World Translation of the Christian Greek Scriptures was published.

1952: Revised Standard Version Old Testament and complete Bible was published.

1952: Confraternity of Christian Doctrine Old Testament Volume 1 (Genesis-Ruth) was published.

1952: J.B. Phillips’ translation of the Gospels was published.

1954: James A. Kleist and Joseph L. Lilly’s translation of the New Testament was published.

1955: Confraternity of Christian Doctrine Old Testament Volume 3 (Job-Sirach) was published.

1955: J.B. Phillips’ translation of Acts was published.

1957: Revised Standard Version Apocrypha was published.

1957: George M. Lamsa’s complete Bible was published.

1957: J.B. Phillips’ translation of Revelation was published.

1958: J.B. Phillips complete New Testament was published.

1958: Amplified Bible New Testament was published.

1958: Holy Bible — The Berkeley Version in Modern English was published (Gerrit Verkuyl, Ph.D., Editor-in-Chief).

1961: New English Bible New Testament was published.

1961: Fan S. Noli’s translation of the New Testament was published.

1961: Confraternity of Christian Doctrine Old Testament Volume 4 (Isaia-Malachia) was published.

1961: New World Translation of the Holy Scriptures was published.

1962: Amplified Bible Old Testament – Part 2 was published.

1962: The Torah — A new translation of The Holy Scriptures was published by the Jewish Publication Society (revised 1979, 1992).

1962: Richmond Lattimore’s translation of Revelation was published.

1963: William F. Beck’s translation of the New Testament was published.

1963: J.B. Phillips translation of Amos, Hosea, First Isaiah, and Micah was published.

1964: Amplified Bible Old Testament – Part 1 was published.

1966: Jerusalem Bible was published.

1966: Today’s English Version New Testament was published. It is also known as Good News for Modern Man

1967: Living Bible New Testament was published.

1967: Don J. Klingensmith’s New Testament (Part 1 – Matthew, Mark, Luke, Acts) was published.

1968: William Barclay New Testament – Part 1 was published.

1969: William Barclay New Testament – Part 2 was published.

1969: Confraternity of Christian Doctrine Old Testament Volume 2 (Samuel-Maccabees) was published.

1970: New English Bible complete Bible was published (included Apocrypha and Second Edition New Testament).

197: New American Bible complete Bible was published.

1971: Living Bible was published.

1971: New World Translation revision was published.

1972: The Bible in Living English by Steven T. Byington was published.

1973: New International Version New Testament was published.

1976: Today’s English Version Bible was published.

1976: The Holy Bible – An American Translation byWilliam F. Beck was published.

1978: New International Version Bible was published.

1978: The Prophets Nevi’im A new translation of The Holy Scriptures was published by the Jewish Publication Society.

1979: New King James Version New Testament was published.

1979: Today’s English Version Bible plus apocrypha was published.

1979: Richmond Lattimore’s translation of the Gospels and Revelation was published.

1981: Don J. Klingensmith’s complete New Testament translation was published.

1981: New World Translation revision was published.

1982: New King James Version complete Bible was published.

1982: The Writings Kethubim A new translation of The Holy Scriptures was published by the Jewish Publication Society.

1982: Richmond Lattimore’s translation of Acts and the Epistles was published.

1983: The New Testament in Scots Translated by William Laughton Lorimer was published.

1984: New World Translation revision was published.

1985: New Jerusalem Bible was published.

1985: TANAKH A New Translation of The Holy Scriptures was published by the Jewish Publication Society.

1986: New American Bible revised New Testament was published.

1988: New Testament Translation of the Everlasting Gospel by Hugo McCord was published.

1989: Heinz W. Cassirer’s translation of the New Testament was published.

1989: Revised English Bible was published.

1990: New Revised Standard Version Bible was published.

1991: Contemporary English Version New Testament was published.

1991: New American Bible revised Psalms was published.

1993: Eugene Peterson’s The Message New Testament was published.

1993: Dalmer R. Ford’s translation of the New Testament was published.

1995: Contemporary English Version Bible was published.

1995: God’s Word version of the Bible was published.

1996: Orthodox Jewish Brit Chadasha by Phillip E. Goble was published.

1996: New Living Translation was published.

1996: Robert Alter Genesis was published.

1998: International Standard Version New Testament version 1.0 was published.

1999: Contemporary English Version Bible plus Apocrypha was published.

1999: Gospels from the Holman Christian Standard Bible was published.

1999: New English Translation (NET) New Testament was published.

1999: Robert Alter 1 & 2 Samuel was published.

2000: A New English Translation of the Septuagint Psalms was published.

2001: New English Translation (NET) Bible was published.

2001: Today’s New International Version New Testament was published.

2001: Holman Christian Standard Bible New Testament was published.

2001: English Standard Version Bible was published.

2002: Eugene Peterson’s the Message complete Bible was published.

2003: Holman Christian Standard Bible complete Bible was published.

2003: The Orthodox Jewish Bible Tanakh and Brit Chadasha was published.

2004: New Living Translation second edition was published.

2004: The New Testament by Nicholas King — the first volume of Roman Catholic translation of the Septuagint.

2004: Robert Alter Pentatuech was published.

2005: Today’s New International Versioncomplete Bible was published.

2007: Robert Alter Psalms was published.

2007: A New English Translation of the Septuagint was published.

2008: The Voice New Testament was published.

2009: English Standard Version Bible plus Apocrypha was published.

2009: God’s Word version of the Apocrypha was published.

2009: the Truth version of the New Testament was published.

2010: Common English Bible New Testament was published.

2010: Rabbi Sidney Brichto’s translation of the New Testament was published.

2010: Robert Alter Wisdom Books was published.

2011: International Standard Version New Testament version 2.0 was published.

2011: Common English Bible Bible with Apocrypha was published.

2011: Revised edition of the New International Version was published.

2011: New American Bible revised Bible was published.

2012: The Voice Bible was published.

2012: The Queen James Bible was published based on the 1769 edition of the King James Bible.

2013: The Message Catholic/Ecumenical Edition by Eugene Peterson and William Griffin was published.

2013: Robert Alter Former Prophets was published.

2013: New World Translation revision was published.

THE HOLY Bible in vernacular languages, a central demand of the Protestant Reformation, subsequently becomes the main weapon in the armoury of Protestant missionaries. Spreading around the world, along with the traders and administrators of the expanding European empires of the 19th century, these missionaries encounter more and more languages into which the holy text can be usefully translated. During the 19th century translations of the Bible, in whole or in part, are published in some 400 new languages. The 20th century has added at least double that number. As of November 2014, the full Bible has been translated into 531 languages, and 2,883 languages have at least some portion of the Bible.

Nevertheless, the Holy Catholic Church possess the correct translation of the Holy Bible since the earliest centuries of the Cristianity. There were no other Bible versions existed at that time, no King James Version etc. The early bishops of the Church used manuscripts in the original biblical languages. The Latin Vulgata was translated from the Hebrew, Aramaic, and Greek. All the modern Catholic translations proceeded from thence.

DO YOU HAVE THE CORRECT BIBLE TRANSLATION?

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